Sunday, May 24, 2020

Greek City States Vs. Modern Greece - 1244 Words

Greek city-states are perfect examples of historian Peter Stearn’s definition of classical civilizations. At the height of its power between the 5th and 4th centuries, Greece’s land included â€Å"Asia Minor (in modern Turkey), southern Italy, the island of Sicily, and the Greek islands.† (Hornblower) Most of these territories were independently governed and had strong political systems primarily democracy which was born in Athens and became the basis for modern democratic governments in the United States, France and other nations. Many Greek city-states also developed core traditions in the arts and sciences that endure today. All these factors distinguished Greek city-states from river valley civilizations as Stearns states, but like every society in history, each city-state had its strengths and weaknesses. For example, there was a wide range of military power because Greek city-states held different views on its importance. During ancient times, Sparta built one of the strongest armies in classical Greece. At the age of seven, all boys were moved from their homes to government barracks where they were trained to be soldiers for 23 years. After that, they were expected to serve in the army for 30 years until they retired at age 60. Sparta had an insatiable appetite for battle and aggressively went after the territories of other city-states, especially the land of its arch-rival Athens. Like Sparta, Athens was one of the largest and most formidable city-states, but militaryShow MoreRelatedThe Persian Wars Were Significant For World History1441 Words   |  6 Pagesconquest, wars were waged across lands near and far. By means of defense, revolts arose at this time of numerous battles as well as the formation of alliances. As a whole, war is a struggle for power. For instance, two great ancient civilizations, Greece and Persia, fought in a series of conflicts known as the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus, the historian who first wrote about the Persian Wars, once said, â€Å"Great things are won by great dangers.† All war is dangerous, yet the advancements made afterwardRead MoreThe Impact Of Freedom On Ancient Greece And Modern America945 Words   |  4 Pagessociety is ‘free’ based on a combination of identifying some general characteristics, as well as considering constraints that may arise from that society’s place in time or geographic location. Thus, the following comparison of freedom in Ancient Greece and Modern America will consist of an identification of similar and differing characteristics of the two, as well as an application of a ‘historical lens’ that accounts for constraints. Oxford Dictionary defines freedom as â€Å"the power or right to act, speakRead MoreComparing Athens And Sparta Vs. Athens972 Words   |  4 Pages15 september 2014 Sparta Vs. Athens â€Å"The ancient Greeks left us a very rich legacy of stories inspired by their gods, goddesses and heroes. They invented democracy and the modern alphabet, and laid the foundations of mathematics, philosophy, astronomy and medicine.†(Martell and Kuhtz 5) Some of the major city-states of Greece are Athens and Sparta. These two cities are very close to each other yet they are very different. Firstly, I will presentRead MoreThe Difference between Democratic Government and Oligarchy Government833 Words   |  4 PagesDemocratic Government VS Oligarchy Government â€Å"The government is merely a servant -- merely a temporary servant; it cannot be its prerogative to determine what is right and what is wrong, and decide who is a patriot and who isnt. Its function is to obey orders, not originate them.† Mark Twain Democracy and Oligarcy as forms of government have been in existence for a long period of time, both terms first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought. Both formsRead MoreGreek and Roman Culture Essay examples1240 Words   |  5 PagesGreek and Roman culture, although similar, are very different and interesting. Since the Romans adopted culture from the Greeks, many traditions are the same. When the Romans conquered the Hellenistic cities, they became fascinated with the idea of a Greek style of doing things. All things Greek were now considered popular. This is how much of the Greek way of life made its way into the Roman society. The first part of culture that the Romans adopted was the Greek art. Scores of Greek paintingsRead More The Greek Parthenon vs the Roman Pantheon Essay760 Words   |  4 PagesThe Greek Parthenon vs the Roman Pantheon Imagine asking a five-year-old to draw a picture of a house. A native Floridian probably wouldn’t draw the typical split-plan design with a tile roof and a screened-in lanai. The extent of the child’s artistic ability would probably consist of a box with a triangle on top of it. As fundamental as it sounds, the use of this structure has a long history dating back to ancient Greece. The classical Greek temple, the Parthenon, made use of this designRead MoreThe Battle Of Thermopylae 480 Bc1508 Words   |  7 Pageswhich cultivated the standard of bravery boys should follow. The battle itself more overshadowed the more significant battle of Platea in which the Greek military primarily the Spartan Military defeated the Persians and ensured a Greek Victory. The battle of Thermopylae mostly due to fact it was written showed the world the first concept of â€Å"West Vs East†[2], the few whom fight for the ideals against the massive Horde. The battle itself became famous during the cold war period in which the AmericansRead More The Settlement and Innovations of Ancient Rome Essay715 Words   |  3 PagesThe Settlement and Innovations of Ancient Rome Rome is an ancient city located on the western coast of Italy by the Meditterranian Sea.(3:289) The city of Rome was founded, according to the legend, by Romulus in 753 BC. Remus and Romulus were two mythological sons of Mars, the god of war. Through military expansion and colonizations, and by granting citizenship to conquered tribes, the city joined all of Italy south of the Po in the 100-year period before 268 BC. First, the LatinRead MoreComparing The Roles Of Women During Athens And Sparta1445 Words   |  6 Pagesdifferences between the roles of women from one Greek city to another. The issues that will be addressed are their treatment and roles within societies and how they differ from the Greek towns Athens and Sparta. The places investigated will include Athens and Sparta. This will be accomplished through an examination of books, websites, and academic journals. Word count: 123 Source Evaluation: The origin of this source is an essay, titled â€Å"Athenian vs. Spartan Women in Antigone’s Era† that was writtenRead MoreHistorical Accuracies in the Snyders Film 3001593 Words   |  6 Pagesfantasy than reality. Liberty in 300: The Biggest Inaccuracy Snyders 300 places a lot of emphasis on the idea of liberty and freedom but these are modern ideals, made popular in the Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution (the Revolutionaries anthem was liberty, equality, fraternity). Snyders Spartans are meant to represent these rather modern ideals, and the Persians are meant to symbolize freedom-hating, slave-owning monsters. The irony, however, is that Cyrus (Xerxes father) wrote the

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Michael Klares Blood and Oil Essay - 1504 Words

Michael Klares Blood and Oil Michael Klare has written an interesting and very relevant book, dealing as it does with the politics of oil, US foreign policy, the Middle East, and the causes of terrorism. He writes with a clear purpose and that is to argue that Americas securitization of oil and its willingness to use military force in order to secure its supplies of oil have been a major mistake. His main argument is that ever since the meeting on†¦show more content†¦foreign policy in the Middle East and the oceans of crude oil that lie beneath the regions soil. Klare traces oils impact on international affairs since World War II, revealing its influence on the Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon, and Carter doctrines. He shows how Americas own wells are drying up as our demand increases; by 2010, the United States will need to import sixty percent of its oil. Since most of this supply will have to come from violently anti-American zones, our dependency is bound to lead to recurrent military involvement. Ultimately, the cost of oil will be measured in blood: the blood of American soldiers who die in combat, the blood of the many other casualties of oil-related violence, including the victims of terrorism. Klare believes that if America does not reduce its dependency on imported oil it will have to increase its military presence in the Middle East, stationing permanent garrisons in countries like Iraq and facing the need to take further measures to support the Saudi Arabian regime and possible action in central Asian countries like Kazakhstan. He believes that the US m ilitary budget will therefore have to increase if the current policies remain in place, and claims that, the American military is being used more and more for the protection of overseas oil fields and theShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis on Energy Disaster1068 Words   |  5 PagesDana Trimmer Rhetorical Analysis In Michael T. Klare’s â€Å"The Coming Era of Energy Disasters,† he seems to focus on the major risks off shore drilling the causes and the effect on the environment. The overall argument conveys that unless the oil industry and the consumer take an alternative route to dangerous oil drilling â€Å"more such calamities are destined to occur† (Klare 1). Klare is very vocal in criticizing of the BP executives concerning the Deepwater Horizon disaster. He proceedsRead MoreOil And Natural Gas : A Source Of Strategic Power956 Words   |  4 PagesOil and Democracy in Middle East Fossil energy (i.e. coal, oil and natural gas) is generally considered as a main force that drives innovation of new technology and highly developed economy around the world from industrial revolution. It is also the â€Å"lifeblood† of the global economy and takes up 80% of world’s net primary energy supply. However, due to the huge exposure of oil reserves in Persian Gulf after World War I, geopolitical struggles and potential conflicts surrounding fossil energyRead MoreThe, Blood And Oil : The Dangers And Consequences Of Americas Growing Dependency On Imported Oils744 Words   |  3 Pagesforeign oil. Over the years with the vast improvements and technological advances in the petroleum industry, the United States has been able to become increasingly self-sufficient, drastically decreasing its reliance on the import on foreign oil. In Michael Klare’s Book, Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of Americas Growing Dependency on Imported Oils (2004) he states that, General J.H. Binford Peay III told a House subcommittee in 1997. â€Å"With over 65 percent of the world’s oil reserves

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Internet as a Form of Communication and Its Misconception Free Essays

One of the most talked, known and controversial issues today is the Internet. Internet is a large network made up of a number of smaller networks. Almost every computer in an educational facility and in home and small office use is connected to some type of a network. We will write a custom essay sample on Internet as a Form of Communication and Its Misconception or any similar topic only for you Order Now People spent a lot of time on the Internet, which may make them seem isolated. However, the Internet does not foster isolation, because it may be used for many different things like communication, education, problem solving and etc. The concept for the Internet was to make a link in to a new world, a world that has many different opportunities within its self. To gives the people options to go to China, Italy, and Egypt without spending a lot of money on the trip. To open new experiences and ideas that are just a click of a button away. The idea of going on to the internet for almost every thing may make the person seem isolated. Isolated from people, form culture, from education, from communication to other people, but in reality they are not isolated. The internet gives variety. It might not give physical opportunity to visit Japan or Russia, but it gives almost the same emotional and cultural experiences. A person does not have to read a newspaper on the train or go to an art gallery to be cultured and not seem isolated; a person just has to do what feels right at a certain time. The Internet also gives a misconception about communication. Internet is a different world that has the idea of communication in a different perspective. To communicate people don†t have to see one another, or hear one another they just have to be able to understand one another. The Internet provides just that. This may seem like isolation because no physical contact is present, and some or all of the things that are said might not be true. This is a misconception. People that are talking face to face with one another might be lying or might not be; the same is said for the Internet conversations. â€Å"People whose physical handicaps make it difficult to form new friendships find that virtual communities treat them as they always wanted to be treated† (Rheingold 206). Equality and understanding is the key, and the virtual community provides that and much more. Advice is also one of the keys for equality and understanding. As we all know advice in today†s world is not free, and most of the time you need to make an appointment to get that expansive help. The internet provides advice that is free and at the same time on the spot. In Urbana, Illinois, the Federal Department of Education has set up a network for parents, teachers, community workers, and etc. that have questions concerning children, financial assistance, educational assistance, and etc (Thomas). The Internet is not only for fun and games, but it is also for problem solving of all types. This is not the only site of this sort; Howard Reingold logged onto the Well, when he needed an answer in a matter of seconds. What amazed him when he logged on â€Å"wasn†t just the speed with which we obtained precisely the information we needed†¦it was also the immense inner sense of security that comes with discovering that real people†¦are available, around the clock, if you need them† (Rheingold 202). The idea of Internet advice may seem like isolation, but it is not. It helps people with real problems to get real advice. The ones giving advice once were getting some type of advice. The idea behind these help links are for real people to talk to real people not necessarily professionals, but with people who had real life experiences, and who see it on a more personal level. This gives emotional support to those who need it and trust that just comes along. Although the internet brings communication to different communities as well as different individuals, it also plays as an educational source. Many educational facilities are starting to conduct courses on the Internet. They are also using â€Å"Web pages to post class materials and other resources† (Mendels) for student on the Internet for faster and easier access by the students. Some educators are also requesting and requiring for their students to have an e-mail address. An e-mail address gives less paper work for the professor, and an easier access of the professor for questions and faster responses. Since the demand of computer knowledge has increased, this is a perfect way to start learning. The Internet also provides a wide variety of encyclopedias, newspapers, magazines, etc, for educational reasons, and the more people will use the Internet the more they will learn. Education does not have to be the old fashion way, it has to provide and teach different experiences th at may not otherwise be available. The Internet is a world that is available to each and every person, but how that person uses it, is how the opinion of isolation forms. If each and every person would use the Interne for education, than there would be too many educated people. We are all very lucky that we have so much opportunity in our access, but a lot of us don†t know how to use it, and for what. That†s where education plays a big role, it does two things at once gives general and computer knowledge. The more we learn the more we know, and isolation is not one of the thing that the Internet provides. How to cite Internet as a Form of Communication and Its Misconception, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

CHINAS RESPONSE TO OVERPOPULATION Essay Example For Students

CHINAS RESPONSE TO OVERPOPULATION Essay Introduction Today so many children and people in the world suffer from poverty and starvation. In so many third world countrys families are going without food or good water. Never before have we seen so many children die before the age of five. It is impossible to feed all of these mouths and clothe all of these backs. The world is full of natural resources at our disposal. These resources are taken for granted and not preserved the way they should be. As a result, fossil fuels will not be available in a matter of years. Nature is missing links due to the extinction of many species, many we dont ever get a chance to learn about. More people means more products made in factories, more jobs needed, and more consumption of this earths precious resources. Were are overcrowded! We are overpopulated. Not to mention all of the disease that is spread through the poverty stricken slums that the malnourished live in. We are already living with the consequences of human population growth. There are now so many people, that we were probably pretty much forced to modernize and give up smelly outhouses in favor of the more convenient and practical flush toilet. Sanitation workers are paid to collect the trash that huge cities of people generate, as large populations need proper sanitation.(Garrett Hardin) We try to regulate this epidemic by using birth-control and other devices, but we see what good all of that is doing. We ourselves are setting up for extinction. There must be a way to control the overpopulation. We should not be a disease to this planet. Do we not see the connections between science and society!? Gaylord Nelson was quoted as saying, The number one environmental problem facing the earth today would have to be population. Where on Earth Are We Going? He said the answer is: Its all up to us. The level of human population and the scale and intensity of human activity has reached a point where we are literally affecting the very conditions on which human life and well being depend. The first major effect of overpopulation is consumption of valuable resources. This is one of the major causes of depletion of our natural resources. When mentioning consumption, we are referring to all the products we buy and use. In the United States, Americans consume far more than what is necessary. The more people there are on the planet, the more people we have to feed. However, food is not the only product that we consume. We consume everyday products such as wood for paper, gasoline for cars, and even water to flush the toilets. Sometimes people do these everyday activities without thinking how it affects our planet. (Alexandra Paul) Our future depends on how well we manage these processes. Were not doing it well at the moment.(cnn.com) Do we not see the devostation and collapse of society if nothing is going to be changed!! The Chinese think they have a solution. Discussion In 1979, due to population overload, China created a one-child law. This law states that a married couple can only have one offspring. This simple law would cut its population in half. Two humans making one. This idea seems brilliant. On the contrary many religious couples found this to be an inhumane attempt, leading to a huge resistance. This law also lead to the missing female babies in China. Many families wanted males to carry out the family name. Having a girl was almost a dead end for these families. Big wigs like Ted Turner and other advocates try and spread the knowledge and word of this law to the Western world. Turner advocated a one-child policy, which he says will reduce the worlds population from 6 billion to 2 billion, if it is practiced for the next 100 years. He believes that world overpopulation carries a number of evils, including environmental degradation. This issue was a headliner for the News Week International and actually made the front page! The article stated that the fertility rates had decreased in the past ten years due to families having one child.In Europe 1. .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .postImageUrl , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:hover , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:visited , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:active { border:0!important; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:active , .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464 .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ucf0c0a355a23c2279baa19fd6b163464:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Electing Sharon Essay46 children per woman during her lifetime (from .

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Mcdonaldization Of Society Essays - Fast Food,

Mcdonaldization Of Society The way that Burger King and other fast food restaurant chains do business and markets their products to consumers is due to the change in our society to where the consumer wants the biggest, fastest, and best product they can get for their money. This change in society can be attributed to a process known as McDonaldization. Although McDonaldization can be applied to many other parts of our society, this paper will focus on its impact on Burger King and Taco Bell restaurants. My belief is that the process of McDonaldization has lead our generations toward a more a much more efficient lifestyle, with much less quality. From my observations and studies of these fast food resturants, several themes have become apparent to me. The first and overall theme that emerges from the idea of fast food is that the employees of these establishments seem to work more as machines, rather than people offering a service to the public. A second theme that can be identified from my observations would b e that the people visiting these fast food restaurants are more or less searching for the most efficient way to get what they want, giving little or no regard to the quality put into it. According to Ritzer, the founder of the concept of McDonaldization, it is the process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world. Upon walking into Burger King restaurant, I found that most of the people waiting in line to place their orders or receive their order were younger or middle-aged, and had children or were students. All of these people shared a common attitude of being hungry and impatient. The people gave little to no regard to how hard the employees behind the counter were working or struggling to work faster. Many patrons were short tempered, rude, or incredibly ill-tempered when placing their orders yet the employees still smiled at the next person in line, repeating the same phrases over and over, Can I help the next person in line please, or, Would you like a drink or fries with that? These repetitive phrases and actions of the employees of both Burger King and Taco Bell were small examples of the machine-like theme identified in the work setting of fast-food restaurants. Employees were taught to disregard disgruntled patrons and move through the line as fast as possible so that each patron would be served in a timely and satisfying fashion. Just as a machine would pull items in at the beginning of the assembly line and throw them out at the other end of the line, so did the employees treat the patrons of their establishment. This is achieved by calling them to the counter and filling their order then sending them on their way with a kind, almost sarcastic, Thank you, have a nice day! Upon visiting Taco Bell, another fast-food restaurant, I found the same scenarios as Burger King, and in some instances, more obvious examples of machine-like employees. The areas that were designated for the filling and preparation the orders were clearly out of the public view, so that patrons would not be able to see the assembly line on which their lunches were being prepared. The food is prepared and heated in stainless steel containers, sour cream, guacamole, and hot sauce are all squirted out of hand held stainless steel, sauce guns, and the tortillas are kept in a, steaming box, for several hours until they are all used to make burritos and tacos. These are just the examples of how the food is prepared, the ay in which the employees work is much more detailed. The employees stand along a counter and fill the orders in an assembly line fashion. One worker pulls the tortillas out of the steamer and shoots sauce onto it then slides it down to the next worker who may add the chee se or meat. This worker will then slide it down to the next worker who might be responsible for adding the lettuce or tomatoes. Finally the burrito is slid down to the next

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Learn How to Make a Suggestion in English

Learn How to Make a Suggestion in English When you make a suggestion, youre putting forward a plan or an idea for another person to consider. People make suggestions when theyre deciding what to do, offering advice, or helping a visitor. Learning how to make a suggestion is a good way to improve your English conversational skills. If you already know how to tell time, ask for directions, and hold a basic conversation, youre ready to learn how to make a suggestion! Try out this role-play exercise with a friend or classmate to practice. What Shall We Do? In this exercise, two friends are trying to decide what to do for the weekend. By making suggestions, Jean and Chris make a decision that theyre both happy with. See if you can identify where the suggestion is. Jean: Hi Chris, would you like to do something with me this weekend? Chris: Sure. What shall we do? Jean:Â  I dont know. Do you have any ideas? Chris:Â  Why dont we see a film? Jean:Â  Thats sounds good to me. Which film shall we see? Chris:Â  Lets see Action Man 4. Jean:Â  Id rather not. I dont like violent films. How about going to Mad Doctor Brown? I hear its quite a funny film. Chris:Â  OK. Lets go see that. When is it on? Jean:Â  Its on at 8 p.m. at the Rex. Shall we have a bite to eat before the film? Chris:Â  Sure, that sounds great. What about going to that new Italian restaurant Michettis? Jean:Â  Great idea! Lets meet there at 6. Chris:Â  OK. Ill see you at Michettis at 6. Bye. Jean:Â  Bye. Chris: See you later! When Jean says, Id rather not. I dont like violent films. How about going to Mad Doctor Brown? I hear its quite a funny film, he is making a suggestion. More Practice Once youve mastered the dialogue above, challenge yourself with some additional role-playing exercises. What suggestions would you make if a friend said to you: Why dont you/we go to the movies tonight?You/we could visit New York while youre/were there.Lets go to the travel agents this afternoon to book our ticket.What about asking your brother for help?How about going to Hawaii for your vacation?I suggest you/we take all the factors into consideration before we decide. Before answering, think about your response. What will you suggest? What related information should you tell your friend? Think about the necessary details, such as time or location. Key Vocabulary If youre being asked to make a decision, that suggestion usually comes in the form of a question. For example: Would you like to...?(What) shall we go...? If someone else has made a decision and they want your opinion, it may be made as a statement instead. For example:Â   Lets go...Why dont we go...How about going...What about going...

Thursday, February 20, 2020

A Specific Dimension of English Usage by a Subculture Essay

A Specific Dimension of English Usage by a Subculture - Essay Example For example, if someone has developed a code that is questionable, some hackers may call for a ‘sanity check.’ A sanity check is the â€Å"act of checking a piece of code...for completely stupid mistakes.†1 This implies that at the time of writing the code the hacker was not in his or her right mind. As another example shows, when hackers talk about how something is ‘fab,’ they very rarely mean that something is fabulous. Rather, they are saying that something is fabricated. For example, someone who ‘fabs’ a chip is creating a silicon foundry. These are just small examples of how hacker slang is used within the continuum of the community. Of course, there are pages and pages worth of slang that one could use, so hacker slang would have to be learned over time. However, it could be done. These illustrations of hacker slang show just how particular the hacker community can be when describing various elements of their lives as code designers and code breakers. III. Analyzing Hacker Slang There are several reasons why hackers use slang. Every word that is said is intentional, even if hackers use emoticons in their conversations online. If one analyzes hacker slang, one will realize that every little symbol and word can carry double and even triple entendres, with multiple shades of meaning behind every keystroke. This is the fascinating world of hacker slang. People in the hacker community use this slang intentionally so that outsiders cannot understand it. Just like getting into any community or group to be accepted, one has to ease into the culture of a particular group. For example, a homeless man doing a presentation for venture capitalists on Wall Street wouldn’t walk into a boardroom, full of executives wearing rags, with a cardboard sign saying â€Å"Will work for food.† Rather, he’ll find the wherewithal to buy or rent a nice suit, prepare a resume and then go pitch his idea for the presenta tion. In order to ‘fit in,’ one must look and act the part. IV. Explaining the Usefulness of Hacker Slang The usefulness of hacker slang is a rite of passage within the hacker community. People build code together, work on open source software and freeware together; they become a small, close-knit community—but online. â€Å"The special slang vocabulary of hackers helps hold their culture together—it helps hackers recognize each others’ positions within the community and expresses shared values and communities. However, as with most slang cultures, not knowing the slang or using it inappropriately defines one as an outsider.†2 So, not only does hacker slang keep the people who are not in the hacker community at the fringes but it can as well help hackers know who is in the community that they don’t know—much like any other secret language would do. ‘White hat’ hackers — or ethical hackers — are, probab ly, more important for companies and are useful to prevent Distributed Denial of Service attacks on organizations with complicated systems which are in source code. ‘White hat’ hackers, as they are known, is a slang for the fact that these people find vulnerabilities in companies’ codes on purpose in order to save them millions of dollars so that they don’t get hacked by ‘black hat hackers’ (unethical hackers). â€Å"‘